Uluru National Park rises about 350 meters above ground level, though in reality this giant is much bigger, because it is embedded in the ground for about 5000 meters.
Uluru-Kata Tjuta National park surrounds the Ayers Rock and is located in the Southern border of the Northern Territory. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park spreads over 125.000 hectares and attracts first of all by green stripes of vegetation, cleaving around the red-brown Uluru and the same colored group of rocks named Olgas (Kata Tjuta). One thought that in Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park has a desert climate, makes you wonder the variety of flora.
The Uluru is a sanctuary for aborigines, there are located quite a number of sacred places. Inspite of this, local inhabitants decided to lease the Ayers Rock within Uluru National Park for 99 years to the Australia National Park & Wildlife Service. And now tourists have an opportunity to explore the mighty monoliths. However you should set aside any plans to climb the Ayers Rock, because it is, as it was mentioned before, a sanctuary for aborigines.
The play of colors during sunrise and sunset is fascinating! The Ayers Rock changes its colors from purple to light brown and when it rains, the Ayers Rock becomes light gray. This magic riot of colors makes not only aborigines believe that Ayers Rock or Uluru, how it is tenderly called by natives, possesses special powers.
The flora of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park consists mostly of pseudo bush vegetation and thorns. Greenery grows only on the monoliths, because after heavy rains water collects under protecting cliffs and in countless sockets on the surface of rocks. That is how plants get all the water they need.
In 1987 Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park was declared a World Heritage by UNESCO.